Penn State


Student Name: Hiroshi Kawakami

School: Pennsylvania State University

Studio: Urban Design Studio

Professor(s): Raymond Gastil, Madis Pihlak, Lisa Iulo

Site: 112th St/NASA Goddard, 125th St/Old Broadway

Project Name: Symbolic Mountain

Project Description:

Adapting the TASTEE site RFP to address CB9’s desire for artist housing and production / exhibition space, this project utilizes the Green Ribbon idea to create an iconic mixed-use building that will establish a new relationship between commerce, community, art, education, and the larger city.

The goal is to provide new model for interior block development based on urban design principles and community needs following the green city master plan.  The plan develops three zones: commercial, mixed-use, and residential. These zones and the surrounding environment are connected by vertical green ribbons enhancing the community through new programs that reflect community partners’ needs. Additionally, each green ribbon employs a catenary geometry to create a special space and a more nature-oriented scene in the existing urban environment.  The structure becomes a SYMBOLIC MOUNTAIN for change in the community.

Download Penn State Student Projects Spring 2012


 Ray Gastil

Stuckeman Chair in Design Innovation and Visiting Faculty



C0-Studio Critics:

Lisa D. Iulo, Assistant Professor of Architecture


Madis Pihlak, Associate Professor of Architecture


BROADWAY Sites: 112th Street and 125th Street hubs.

Link to Penn State Course Description: Penn_State_Course Overview

Link to Penn State Project #1: Project 1_Penn State

Studio Description:

ARCH 432/ LARCH 414 SPRING 2012


Architectural Design VI/Depth Studio

Broadway: 1000 Steps—Designs for Incremental Urbanism is an integrated urban design studio involving collaboration, teamwork and individual achievement, and engagement with the community, including the neighborhood, the university, students and faculty from other institutions, and the inter-disciplinary project team. Students from both disciplines will engage with the challenges of city design, the analysis, strategy, and design that shape urban environments.

The point of departure for the studio is “Broadway: 1000 Steps: City as Living Laboratory” (, an ongoing art project by internationally renowned public artist Mary Miss, which envisions 20 hubs along the length of Broadway, New York’s emblematic Main Street. These “sites for collaboration between MMStudio, research scientists…municipal policy makers, and local community groups, that are small in scale but which aggregate to make the vast network of systems vital to a sustainable city, are designed to make sustainability tangible to citizens at street level and catalyze future projects by artists and environmental designers…The sense of incremental transformation…is the overarching idea for the projects and the basis of its title “1000 Steps.”

The prototype for this project was installed last fall at Broadway and 137th Street, including a range of visual, audio, and direct interactive techniques, exemplifying the potential of combining informal science education and art and design.

A range of architecture, landscape architecture, planning, and design programs, from University of Virginia to Parsons, have developed studios that will address a series of these “hubs” along Broadway, and a full range of physical, environmental, and community perspectives. Students will contribute to the broad, shared endeavor of research and analysis, while at the same time developing independent design projects.

The Penn State Studio is focused on the hubs near Broadway at 112th and 125th streets, and the diverse New York City neighborhood and urban ecosystem of the broader area, which home to Columbia University, both in its current campus and its planned expansion at 125th Street.

The Studio will contribute to the overarching project of site research and analysis for these potential hubs, working with MMStudio’s team to engage the community and the university, and the other design studios in the project, to develop urban design strategy/master planning that will identify sites, opportunities, and programs that will make sustainability a part of urban life that is visible and meaningful. Interaction will include at least one field trip, video conferencing, and a range of techniques including an active, collective web site, to share and develop research.

The studio will also be directed to developing design projects for incremental urbanism, based on the site research and analysis and urban design strategy/master plan programs derived from the analysis and research, with opportunities for environmental installation, building, landscape, and hybrid proposals. The foundational program for these proposals is both making sustainability tangible, and a better understanding of the dynamic relationship between urban campuses and their neighborhoods.


Note: Detailed project requirements will be distributed during the semester following the schedule of handouts.

Project Intro: Preliminary Research

Team research into the fundamental issues for Broadway: 1000 Steps. Ad hoc teams of architecture/landscape architecture studio participants will be formed to research and prepare a presentation to the studio, choosing one of the following themes.

  1. Broadway – Use, Design, Impact
  2. Upper Manhattan – Community Perspectives
  3. Columbia University – Goddard Center/Earth Institute
  4. Informal Science Education  – Climate Change
  5. Environmental Art/Public Art – Mary Miss Studio
  6. Manhattan as an Ecosystem – The Manahatta Project


  • 1/09 Assigned
  • 1/11 Project Intro Presentation

Project 1: Site Research and Analysis

Team research, mapping, and analysis on key information regarding attributes and attitudes of/towards environment at 112th & Broadway and 125th & Broadway, and the larger neighborhood context. Research and analysis will address issues identified by the Broadway: 1000 Steps Project including physical survey, environmental survey, and community survey as well as critical urban design issues identified by the studio critics. Some baseline materials and information will be provided by the MMStudio (Mary Miss Studio) project team, which will also coordinate community and university interaction with the studio, including site visits and videoconferencing.


  • 1/13 Assigned
  • 1/20 Finalize Teams

Community/Inter-Studio Discussion (final schedule tbd)

  • 1/23 Submit Objectives Statement

Sign up for Sections

  • 1/29 NYC Field Trip (final date tbd)
  • 1/30 NYC Field Trip
  • 2/08 Project 1 Review

Project 2: Urban Design Strategy/Master Planning

Teams will develop the next phase of the project, developing design and planning strategies derived from site analysis and research and the overall vision of the project.  They will identify and document potential and preferred sites, community/education and interaction objectives, preliminary design project programs, and context.


  • 2/08 Assigned
  • 2/10 Upload Update re Project 1
  • 2/13 Objectives Statement
  • 2/15 Community/Inter-Studio Discussion
  • 2/20 Pinup/walk-around Review
  • 2/27 Review (Midterm)
  • 2/29 Review (Midterm)

Project 3: Design Project Development

The studio will also be directed to developing design projects for incremental urbanism, based on the site research and analysis and urban design strategy/master plan programs derived from the analysis and research, with opportunities for environmental installation, building, landscape, and hybrid proposals. The foundational program for these proposals is both making sustainability tangible, and a better understanding of the dynamic relationship between urban campuses and their neighborhoods.


  • 3/02 Assigned
  • 3/12 Draft Objectives Statement
  • 3/16 Final Objectives Statement
  • 3/21 Peka Chuka (5-minute presentation of design project concept)
  • 3/26 Upload to Shared Site
  • 4/02 Interim Review (by section)
  • 4/11 Revised Objectives Statement
  • 4/23 Final Review
  • 4/25 Final Review
  • 4/27 Upload to Shared Site
  • 4/30 Project Booklet Due



This list will be expanded throughout the studio and updated on Angel.

The Broadway: 1000 Steps Project

shared multiple studio/project web site on line mid-January

The Neighborhood

Community Board 9 Neighborhoods –

Community Board 9 Map –

Columbia University/Affiliated

Goddard Institute for Space Studies

The Earth Institute

Environmental Initiatives

Manhattanville in West Harlem Campus

Sustainable Urbanism/Sustainable Development

New York City’s Sustainable Urbanism – PlaNYC

Manhattan’s original natural systems, The Manahatta Project



Sustainable Development Reader

, Ed. Stephen W. Wheeler & Timothy Beatley (Routledge, 2009):

  • Ian McHarg, “Plight and Prospect” from Design with Nature, 1969 (as summarized in The Sustainable Development Reader)
  • Ann Winston Spirn, “City and Nature” from The Granite Garden, 1984
  • Ann L. Riley, “What is Restoration?” from Restoring Streams in Cities, 1998
  • Timothy Beatley, “Land Development and Endangered Species: Emerging Conflicts” from Habitat Conservation Planning, 1994

And also:

  • Beatley, Timothy, Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities. Island Press:

Washington, D.C., 2000.

  • Farr, Douglas, Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design With Nature, 2008
  • Herzog, Thomas (ed), Solar Energy in Architecture and Urban Planning, Prestel, Munich, New York, 1996
  • McDonough, William, “Design, Ecology, Ethics and the Making of Things,” 1993

Urban Design and Urban Design and Public Space in New York

  • Anderson, Stanford (editor), On Streets, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1991
  • Barnett, Jonathan, City Design, 2011
  • Calthorpe Peter, Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change 2011
  • Gastil, Ray, Beyond the Edge: New York’s New Waterfront, Princeton Architectural Press, 2002
  • Competition Advisory Committee (competition advisor Ray Gastil), Urban Intervention Design Ideas Competition Program
  • Gehl, Jan, Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987
  • Gehl, Jan, Cities for People, 2010
  • Jacobs, Alan, Great Streets, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1993
  • Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities, (Vintage, New York, 1992, reissue)
  • Kostoff, Spiro, The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History, Thames and Hudson, London, 1991
  • Lynch, Kevin: Image of the City, Cambridge, and MIT Press, 1960
  • Shane, D. Grahame, Urban Design Since 1945, 2011